By Frank McLynn

ISBN-10: 0871138816

ISBN-13: 9780871138811

If no longer for the occasions of 1759, the total heritage of the realm may were varied. referred to as the "Year of Victories," 1759 used to be the fourth yr of the Seven Years, or the French-and-Indian warfare and defeat of the French not just cleared the path for the worldwide hegemony of the English language but additionally made the emergence of the U.S. attainable. Guiding us via England's conquests (and usually super slender victories) in India, North the United States, and the Caribbean, Frank McLynn (Wagons West) controversially means that the beginning of the nice British Empire was once extra as a result of good fortune than of rigorous making plans. besides stirring depictions of the 2 maximum battles of 1759, Quebec and Quiberon, McLynn contains anecdotes of the highbrow and cultural leaders of the day—Swedenborg, Hume, Voltaire—and interweaves fundamental assets, starting from fabric within the Vatican records to oral histories of local american citizens, in a super chronicle of a pivotal yr in international history.

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Lagos Bay, Portugal 8. Minden 9. The Plains of Abraham 10. Rogers’ Rangers 11. Quiberon Bay Conclusion Sources Bibliography Index TIMELINE 12 December 1758–16 February 1759: French besiege Madras 20 December 1758: Bougainville arrives at Versailles on mission for Montcalm 13 January 1759: British fleet arrives at Martinique for intended conquest of the island 5 February: Choiseul interviews Bonnie Prince Charlie in Paris 13 April: French defeat Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick at Bergen near Frankfurt 1 May: British complete conquest of Gaudeloupe 13 May: Bougainville arrives in Quebec 4 June: Wolfe leaves Louisbourg for the St Lawrence river 27 June: General Amherst takes Fort Ticonderoga 23 July: Frederick the Great fights the battle of Kay in Brandenburg, Poland 25 July: British capture Fort Niagara 31 July: French repulse Wolfe and the British at Montmorenci Gorge, Quebec 1 August: Ferdinand of Brunswick and the British under Lord Sackville defeat the French at Minden, West Germany 12 August: Frederick the Great defeated at Kunersdorf, East Prussia by the Austrians and Russians 18–19 August: Admiral Boscawen destroys French Mediterranean fleet at Lagos, Portugal 13 September: Wolfe defeats Montcalm on the Plains of Abraham 5 October: Robert Rogers and his Rangers destroy the Abenaki village of St Francis (Quebec Province) 20 November: Admiral Hawke defeats the French Brest fleet at Quiberon, Britanny 20–21 November: Frederick the Great fights battle of Maxden, near Dresden, Saxony Outstanding literary productions of 1759: Candide by Voltaire Rasselas by Samuel Johnson The Theory of Moral Sentiments by Adam Smith Gl’Innamorati by Carlo Goldoni The Sublime and the Beautiful (2nd ed) by Edmund Burke The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy (Part One) by Laurence Sterne ILLUSTRATIONS 1.

By the joint strategy of an invasion threat against England and an attack on Minorca in 1756 he hoped to avoid the entanglements of continental warfare, concentrating instead on the global struggle against Britain. But Austria had its own agenda, on which the principal item was the reconquest of Silesia. Realising that the Austrian army would not be ready to carry out this project until spring 1757, Frederick II, King of Prussia, got his retaliation in first and on 28 August 1756 sent his troops across the border into Saxony; by 16 October he had forced the Saxons to surrender.

The logic of trade and commerce led the British to seek out new lands to conquer, new overseas outlets for surplus capital and exports. The commercial revolution increasingly turned the British into a nation of warriors. Since Britain was an island, never successfully invaded since 1066, it relied heavily on its navy both to defend the shores and to protect its commercial vessels across the seven seas. In short, Britain was an irreducibly maritime nation, relying on seapower. France, by contrast, was constrained by geography.

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1759: The Year Britain Became Master of the World by Frank McLynn


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