By P. S. Jackman, L. M. Smith

ISBN-10: 1861250924

ISBN-13: 9781861250926

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Extra info for Advances in corrosion control and materials in oil and gas production: papers from EUROCORR '97 and EUROCORR '98

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1-15, The Egyptian Corrosion Society, Cairo, Egypt. 28. P. G. de Gennes, Coil-stretch transition of diluted flexible polymers under ultrahigh velocity gradients, J. Chem. , 1974, 60, 5030. 29. A. Ambari, C. Deslouis and B. Tribollet, Coil-stretch transition of macromolecules in laminar flow around a small cylinder, Chem. Eng. , 1984, 29, 63-78. 30. P. Peyser, R. C. Little and C. R. , NRL-Rep. 7222, Jan. 1971. J. Wu, Surface containing of polymer solutions and pulsative ejection, Nature, Phys. , 1971, 231 (24), June 14.

4 Critical surface areafor destructive penetration into scales (two-dimensional model). ~i~ii~i ~ ~cale SubstrateI Fig. 5 Tensile stress in corrosion product scale exerted by impact of turbulence elements. ft u+=~ 40 Fig. 6 Model of a near-wall turbulence element (vortex). Tc-T7 v-pv ~w (2) with Tc+ - dimensionless time between single bursts, P v - density of the vortex (kgm -3 ), v - kinematic viscosity of the vortex (m 2 s-l), "¢w = wall shear stress (Pa) and A v = surface area impacted by a single burst (m2).

This means that an actual estimate of the cost of failure is specific to each situation. In the following example, only pipeline replacement costs and loss of production have been considered. This is of course a simplification, but it is consistent with the definition of failure that has been used, which implies that wall loss can be detected and corrected before the pipeline leaks. Two scenarios have been considered in this example: (i) no failure; and (ii) extensive damage requiring full pipeline replacement.

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Advances in corrosion control and materials in oil and gas production: papers from EUROCORR '97 and EUROCORR '98 by P. S. Jackman, L. M. Smith


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