By Alexia Grosjean
Box Marshal Alexander Leslie used to be the top score commander from the British Isles to serve within the Thirty Years’ conflict. notwithstanding Leslie’s lifestyles offers the thread that runs via this paintings, the authors use his tale to discover the affects of the Thirty Years’ warfare, the British Civil Wars and the age of army Revolution.
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Extra resources for Alexander Leslie and the Scottish Generals of the Thirty Years' War, 1618-1648
Sometimes an immediate drive pushing the Scottish authorities to remove military-aged recruits from the country came at times of economic downturn. 10 The inducement for the authorities to facilitate such service was threefold. In the first place, the stated intention to actually allow the population to feed and finance itself through military service was quite apparent. A second strand, either a bonus or perhaps even the hidden primary motive, was to remove an element of the population that might prove harmful to the incumbent government as they either foraged for food or gained employment with seditious elements in society.
36 Alexander Leslie and the Scottish Generals of the Thirty Years’ War, 1618–1648 The sheer number of Scottish officers who served in Sweden renders it impossible to give a full account of all their military activities, so the focus here is on those in the highest echelons of command who were employed under Gustav Adolf before his entry into the Thirty Years’ War. Sir James Spens, further to his role as ambassador for both the Stuart and Vasa courts, certainly served as the nexus of the higher Scottish officer command in the Swedish army for the first three decades of the seventeenth century.
Others were family members, such as James Ramsay ‘the Black’ and David Drummond, both of whom married daughters of General Spens and subsequently became generals in the Swedish army. 90 Of particular note was the previously mentioned Colonel Samuel Cockburn, who certainly made his mark in both the Russian and Livonian campaigns. 92 His untimely death from the plague in 1621 surely robbed Sweden of his continued loyal military service. 93 Patrick Ruthven, Alexander Leslie, David Drummond and John Hepburn formed somewhat of a quadrumvirate at the head of this Caledonian collective until 1632.
Alexander Leslie and the Scottish Generals of the Thirty Years' War, 1618-1648 by Alexia Grosjean
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