By Jack Caravelli

ISBN-10: 0313387052

ISBN-13: 9780313387050

Shortly after global struggle II, the center East turned a locus for international locations looking to collect nuclear missiles and the capability to convey them to their enemies. Israel used to be the 1st; Libya and Iraq go well with. Pakistan now possesses a considerable variety of nuclear guns, to which longtime rival India will doubtless reply. the consequences of the political and safety dynamics of the center East for the USA and different countries are really profound and sobering.

Beyond Sand and Oil presents a nation-by-nation assessment of the evolution of nuclear guns courses in what's most probably the world's so much politically risky zone. a close review of Iran's clients for changing into a nuclear guns state—and how Israel, the Arab global, and the overseas neighborhood will reply to that outcome—is additionally included.

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Additional resources for Beyond Sand and Oil: The Nuclear Middle East

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Senate, which had responsibility for ratifying the NPT, soon found itself in no rush to do so. Several months passed and the Israeli government still made no decision about signing the NPT. Israel also was pressing the Johnson administration for more combat aircraft but even as that sale was being negotiated Secretary of State Rusk was not prepared to drop the NPT issue from the bilateral agenda. Lyndon Johnson weighed in with a letter to Prime Minister Eshkol reiterating the administration’s view that Israel should sign the treaty.

United Nations Security Council Resolutions (UNSCR) 731 (January 1992) and 748 (March 1992) and UNSCR 883 (September 1993) placed an international spotlight on Libya’s aggressive policies and resulted in the imposition of economic sanctions that over time would take a considerable toll on the Libyan economy. Underscoring Libya’s hostile political stance to Israel, the United States, and the West in general, was an almost quixotic quest to purchase or develop nuclear weapons at least since the 1970s.

In the occasionally strange world of international politics in which trust often is bent through the prism of political expediency, two deliberately misleading policies led to one mutually agreeable outcome. The return of open conflict in the Middle East again had significant implications for Israel’s nuclear weapons program. The 1973 Yom Kippur Israel: Ein brera 23 War, as it is known in Israel, and the Ramadan War, as it is known in the Arab world, is but one of many examples where a major conflict erupts as a result of unsettled issues from a previous conflict.

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Beyond Sand and Oil: The Nuclear Middle East by Jack Caravelli


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