By Martha McMackin Garland

ISBN-10: 0521233194

ISBN-13: 9780521233194

During this significant contribution to the highbrow heritage of Cambridge collage, Dr Garland takes as her major subject matter the increase of a particular academic excellent in early Victorian Cambridge, the way it loved a second of triumph, after which the way it fell below the impression of a brand new set of demanding situations. the tale revolves round the careers of a gaggle of 'conservative reformers', led through the Trinity dons Whewell and Sedgwick. They have been the self-designated prone of a refurbished model of conventional Cambridge values within the new setting of a quickly industrializing England, and took as their perfect a common unified center of information established upon arithmetic, classics and ethical philosophy. They needed to preserve this common constitution simply because they believed it corresponded to the constitution of the human brain and its psychological colleges. For them, trust within the concord of technological know-how and faith was once half and parcel in their essentially vast Church non secular perspectives.

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Extra info for Cambridge Before Darwin: The Ideal of a Liberal Education, 1800-1860

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Anyone who is acquainted with the lawyers, of men of business, or statesmen, whom the University has produced in our own and the preceding generation, knows, from observation of them and from their own declarations, that their mathematical pursuits here have in no small degree regulated their mode ofdealing with other subjects. 5o Whewell, of course, realized that, good as it was, mathemati�s was subject to some limitations as an educational tool. It was impossible, for example, to endow men with the ability to reason inductively : a practical instruction in Inductive Reasoning is not possible, except so far as it depends on the cultivation of the Deductive Faculty.

26 Students should understand not only results but the processes by which they arrived at them. In 1 845, for example, a member of the 34 Mathematics - the core of 'permanent studies' Senate complained that candidates for the ordinary degree were not receiving a satisfactory background in fundamental mathematical reasoning : The manner of answering the Arithmetical questions shews that the attention is directed merely to obtaining results : the nature of, and the reasons for, the processes being employed by almost all entirely dis­ regarded .

They all published articles in learned journals and communicated their more sophisticated ideas to their scholarly colleagues,19 but they also spent a surprising amount of energy explaining mathematical concepts to the general public. To the encyclopedic works of the Victorian period these scholars contributed many articles of varying levels of sophistication. 32 Mathematics - the core ef 'permanent studies' The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia, published during the 1 820s under the editorship of David Brewster, printed articles by Herschel on 'Mathematics' and 'Isoperimetrical Problems' and by Babbage on 'Notation' and 'Porisms'.

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Cambridge Before Darwin: The Ideal of a Liberal Education, 1800-1860 by Martha McMackin Garland


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