By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

ISBN-10: 926410495X

ISBN-13: 9789264104952

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Extra resources for Can Cars Come Clean? Strategies for Low-Emission Vehicles

Example text

11 shows the trend of the VOC emissions during the years 1970-1999. 2). Similar outcomes have been obtained in many other countries, including the Netherlands, France, Sweden, the United Kingdom, Australia and Japan. In most OECD countries, fleet emissions of NOx, CO and HC were at their highest levels in the early 1990s. Since then, they have dropped significantly (by 20-50%), despite a continuous increase in vehicle kilometres travelled (+25% between 1990 and 2000). In Central and Eastern Europe, the decrease in the pollutants emitted was delayed by the later application of stringent standards.

Cat CO2 average Euro 1 Euro 2 Vehicle mass average CAN CARS COME CLEAN? 6. The relation between CO2 emission and vehicle mass (diesel) CO2 emission and vehicle mass 250 1300 240 1250 1200 230 1150 220 kg g/km UDC cold Diesel 1100 210 1050 200 1000 Euro 0 w/o cat. Euro 1 CO2 average Euro 2 Vehicle mass average CO2 emission and vehicle mass UDC hot Diesel 200 1350 195 1300 g/km 1200 185 1150 180 kg 1250 190 1100 175 1050 170 1000 Euro 0 w/o cat. Euro 1 CO2 average Euro 2 Euro 3 Vehicle mass average CO2 emission and vehicle mass 150 1300 145 1250 1200 140 1150 135 kg g/km EUDC Diesel 1100 130 1050 125 1000 Euro 0 w/o cat.

12. In the short term, emissions from petrol cars will decrease rapidly, followed in the medium term by diesel cars. CAN CARS COME CLEAN? 3. 12. 000 800 Cars gasoline conv 600 Cars diesel 400 Cars 3w cat Other veh. gasoline 200 Other veh. diesel 0 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 Source: German Federal Environmental Agency. Existing vehicles For the next 15-20 years, from the viewpoint of pollutant emissions, the presence of “old” technology vehicles in the fleet will continue to be the major problem, as they emit very high levels of pollutants by comparison with the new technology vehicles that will replace them.

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Can Cars Come Clean? Strategies for Low-Emission Vehicles by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development


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