By M. Stephan
The center East, a region infamous for political violence and a democratic deficit, boasts a wealthy yet little-known background of nonviolent civilian-led struggles for rights and freedoms. Ordinary Egyptians, Palestinians, Turks, Israelis, Iranians, Kuwaitis and different center Easterners have, over the last century, used "weapons" together with boycotts, moves, demonstrations, sit-ins, and other methods of civil disobedience and noncooperation to courageously challenge entrenched energy and to enhance democratic self-rule. This publication demanding situations the oft-heard declare that nonviolent resistance "can't paintings" in the Middle East by chronicling one of the most major nonviolent campaigns opposed to colonialism, overseas profession, authoritarianism, and structural injustice within the region. Other chapters examine the position of strategy, political humor, faith, Islamist events, and exterior actors in advancing and impeding democratization and sturdy governance. This quantity, which includes scholarly and activist perspectives, will be of specific curiosity to academics, policymakers, journalists, and neighborhood civic leaders drawn to the Middle East, nonviolent motion, social routine, democratization, and warfare and peace reviews – in addition to knowledgeable basic readers drawn to figuring out current convulsions within the heart East.
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Additional info for Civilian Jihad: Nonviolent Struggle, Democratization, and Governance in the Middle East
In these cases, nonviolent movements often must find ways to “expand the nonviolent battlefield” by appealing to and expanding their movement to include members of the larger population upon which the opponent’s power depends. These six sources of power were first outlined in Gene Sharp, The Politics of Nonviolent Action: Part One: Power and Struggle (Boston: Porter Sargent, 1973), 11–12. The list here renames and elaborates on some of the sources of power that Sharp identified. When a state has powerful external pillars of support, a movement must sometimes “expand the nonviolent battlefield” to include an international component, such as support by allied international NGOs, external governments, or foreign populations, to their struggle in order to exert pressure on these external pillars.
The claim that those who urge such nonviolent resistance are apologists for imperialism and reaction ignores that some of the most successful nonviolent movements, as well as those containing a strong component of nonviolence, arose as a direct challenge to imperialism (Egypt 1922, Iraq 1948) and colonialism (Pakistan 1930) as well as internal repression (Iran 1979, Sudan 1985). Nonviolent Political Struggle Is Not Pacifism Advocates of nonviolent resistance draw an important distinction between nonviolent struggle and pacifism.
This position often leads to the belief that engaging in nonviolent struggle would deprive the Arabs of their right to wage wars of national liberation to throw off the last shackles of their colonial legacy. 1057/9780230101753 - Civilian Jihad, Edited by Maria J. com - licensed to Feng Chia University - PalgraveConnect - 2011-02-21 2 32 Ralph E. Crow and Philip Grant denial of their past importance to Europeans. Arab critics point out that the liberation of many Western nations illustrated the sentiments of nationalists like Italy’s Giuseppe Mazzini, who wrote: “Insurrection—by means of guerrilla bands—is the true method of all nations desirous of emancipating themselves from a foreign yoke.
Civilian Jihad: Nonviolent Struggle, Democratization, and Governance in the Middle East by M. Stephan
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