By V.A.G. Rivera, O.B. Silva, Y. Ledemi, Y. Messaddeq, E. Marega Jr.
This e-book represents the 1st distinct description, together with either theoretical facets and experimental tools, of the interplay of rare-earth ions with floor plasmon polariton from the perspective of collective plasmon-photon interactions through resonance modes (metal nanoparticles or nanostructure arrays) with quantum emitters (rare-earth ions). those interactions are of specific curiosity for purposes to optical telecommunications, optical screens, and laser reliable kingdom applied sciences. hence, our major aim is to offer a extra specific review of the swiftly rising box of nanophotonics through the learn of the quantum homes of sunshine interplay with subject on the nanoscale. during this means, collective plasmon-modes in a achieve medium outcome from the interaction/coupling among a quantum emitter (created via rare-earth ions) with a steel floor, inducing assorted results corresponding to the polarization of the steel electrons (so-called floor plasmon polariton - SPP), a box enhancement sustained by way of resonance coupling, or move of power as a result of non-resonant coupling among the metal nanostructure and the optically energetic surrounding medium. those results counteract the absorption losses within the steel to reinforce luminescence houses or maybe to manage the polarization and part of quantum emitters. The engineering of plasmons/SPP in achieve media constitutes a brand new box in nanophotonics technological know-how with a big technological power in built-in optics/photonics on the nanoscale in line with the regulate of quantum results. This ebook should be an important instrument for scientists, engineers, and graduate and undergraduate scholars not just in a brand new frontier of primary physics, but in addition within the attention of nanophotonic units for optical telecommunication.
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Extra resources for Collective Plasmon-Modes in Gain Media: Quantum Emitters and Plasmonic Nanostructures
The energy needed for a photon to be absorbed by the electron on state 1 s is different from that of one on state 2 s, for instance. For this reason, even the model for bound electrons is limited in its description of the dielectric function. A simple case in which a metal has only two resonance frequencies is depicted in Fig. 2. The real and imaginary parts of the dielectric function are plotted for the case of Al. , for free electrons, equivalent to the Drude model case; and the two remaining components are associated with the interband transition with their respective resonance frequencies.
4 1 Quantum Aspects of Light–Matter Interaction Quantum Emitters Single quantum emitters (QE) have become a common tool for the development of new light sources, such as lasers, LEDs, and single-photon sources, for electronic nanodevices. A single QE is also important in chemistry and life sciences, where they can act as nanoscopic probes and labels. In particular, in the field of quantum information, QEs are utilized as sources of single photons or as stationary quantum bits . As particles become smaller, the laws of quantum mechanics become more important in the study of the particle’s interaction with light.
Consequently, SPR localized in a nanostructure is called localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) and it possesses a certain normal mode. The topology of the metallic surface and the bordering dielectric determines the characteristics of the diverse SPP propagation modes that occur, such as on flat and curved surfaces and on single or multiple surfaces, as well as the SPP modes of complex NP arrays and metallic nanostructures. , refractive index) or to the geometry and size of the metallic nanostructures.
Collective Plasmon-Modes in Gain Media: Quantum Emitters and Plasmonic Nanostructures by V.A.G. Rivera, O.B. Silva, Y. Ledemi, Y. Messaddeq, E. Marega Jr.
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