By Sumantra Bose
The hunt for sturdy peace in lands torn via ethno-national clash is without doubt one of the such a lot pressing problems with overseas politics. taking a look heavily at 5 flashpoints of nearby concern, Sumantra Bose asks the query upon which our worldwide destiny could count: how can peace be made, and stored, among warring teams with probably incompatible claims? worldwide in scope and implications yet neighborhood in concentration and approach, Contested Lands severely examines the new or present peace techniques in Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus, and Sri Lanka for a solution. Israelis and Palestinians, Turkish and Greek Cypriots, Bosnia's Muslims, Serbs, and Croats, Sinhalese and Tamil Sri Lankans, and pro-independence, pro-Pakistan, and pro-India Kashmiris proportion homelands scarred by way of clashing aspirations and battle. Bose explains why those lands grew to become zones of zero-sum clash and boldly tackles the query of the way sturdy peace could be completed. The instances yield very important normal insights in regards to the advantages of territorial self-rule, cross-border linkages, local cooperation, and third-party involvement, and the dangers of a intentionally sluggish ("incremental") technique of peace-building. wealthy in narrative and incisive in research, this booklet takes us deep into the heartlands of conflict--Jerusalem, Kashmir's Line of keep watch over, the divided towns of Mostar in Bosnia and Nicosia in Cyprus, Sri Lanka's Jaffna peninsula. Contested Lands illuminates how persistent disagreement can yield to compromise and coexistence within the world's so much afflicted regions--and what the us can do to assist. (20071208)
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Additional resources for Contested Lands: Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus, and Sri Lanka
The Tigers retained a military foothold on the peninsula, but their door-die initiative to recapture the whole of their heartland failed in 2000. The second factor is economic. By 2000, after ﬁve years of Eelam War III, the Chandrika Kumaratunga government’s slogan of “war for peace” had been revealed to be not just militarily but ﬁnancially bankrupt. The stark reality was that the Tigers could not be defeated militarily and Sri Lanka was burdened year after year with unsustainably high military expenditures in pursuit of an unachievable aim.
Turmoil was not conﬁned to the chamber and corridors of parliament. During the ﬁrst half of the 1970s the SLFP-led government enacted measures intended to drastically reduce the number of Tamil students gaining admission to coveted university programs in medicine and engineering. Since 1956 Tamil representation in most sectors of state employment had fallen substantially, except among doctors and engineers, since high-achieving Jaffna Tamils, in particular, excelled in university programs in these ﬁelds.
The strategic imperative to dismember the archenemy and regional rival, which had existed in the case of Pakistan in 1971, was absent in the case of a small neighbor like Sri Lanka. In the mid-1980s India was gripped by its own violent secessionist demands, particularly from Sikhs, an ethnoreligious community concentrated in the northern province of Punjab adjoining Pakistan. Indian ofﬁcials were also disturbed by the penchant for ruthless violence that was increasingly discernible among their Tamil protégés, particularly the LTTE.
Contested Lands: Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus, and Sri Lanka by Sumantra Bose
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