By John Walter

ISBN-10: 0199605599

ISBN-13: 9780199605590

Covenanting Citizens throws new mild at the origins of the English civil struggle and at the radical nature of the English Revolution. An workout in writing the 'new political history', the quantity demanding situations the discrete different types of excessive and well known politics and the presumed barriers among nationwide and native heritage. It deals the 1st complete examine of the Protestation, the 1st nation oath to be issued below parliamentary authority. The politics at the back of its creation into Parliament, it argues, demanding situations the concept the float to civil warfare used to be unintentional or unintended. Used as a loyalty oath to swear the kingdom, it required those that took it to protect king, church, parliament, and England's liberties. regardless of those political commonplaces, the Protestation had radical intentions and radical outcomes. It envisaged armed resistance opposed to the king, and doubtless extra. It grew to become a constitution during which parliament felt capable of struggle a civil warfare and it was once used to elevate males, funds, and political help. Requiring resistance opposed to enemies that may contain a king himself considering using political violence, the Protestation provided an intensive extension of club of the political state to these hitherto excluded by way of category, age, or gender. In envisaging new varieties of political mobilisation, the Protestation promoted the improvement of a parliamentary well known political tradition and concepts of energetic citizenry. Covenanting Citizens demonstrates how the Protestation was once popularly appropriated to legitimise an enterprise expressed in highway politics, new kinds of mass petitioning, and well known political violence.

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Covenanting voters throws new gentle at the origins of the English civil battle and at the radical nature of the English Revolution. An workout in writing the 'new political history', the quantity demanding situations the discrete different types of excessive and well known politics and the presumed obstacles among nationwide and native heritage.

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80 POSLP, iv. 177. 81 POSLP, iv. 176–7. OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 17/08/16, SPi Parliamentary Politics 25 records was the speech he gave,82 then D’Ewes’s reference in that speech to failings of later bishops suggests that what concerned Hopton and those who spoke for his amendment was the implicit threat to episcopacy. A well-informed letter-writer reported that ‘the Commons were foure houres pleading, upon that one expression’. Some ‘who were more tender towards the Church’ unsuccessfully argued for the word ‘discipline’ to be joined with that of doctrine, arguing that there was more express want in the word of God for bishops than for ‘ruling Elders’.

51v–52r; Adamson, Noble Revolt, 284–6. 106 Cust, Charles I, 284–6; POSLP, iv. 228. 107 Christianson, ‘Obliterated portion’, 346–8; Cust, Charles I and the Aristocracy, 234; Cust, Charles I, 286; POSLP, iv. 228. OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 17/08/16, SPi 32 Covenanting Citizens Deliverance’ from a plot ‘greater then that from the Gunpowder-Treason’ which, had it not been discovered, ‘the powder had been about our ears here in the Parliament house, and we had all been made slaves’. The House was then put into committee to consider the bill of attainder against Strafford.

245, 249, 254, 340–1. 86 Worried by the possibilities of plots that might include supporters amongst the courtiers and councillors in both Houses, the leadership sought to use the Protestation to identify and isolate their opponents. Supporters advanced recent precedents in the examples of previous protestations that all members had been enjoined to take. And as the speeches of several of those members revealed, the Protestation’s promoters had plans for a more radical extension of the requirement to subscribe.

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Covenanting Citizens: The Protestation Oath and Popular Political Culture in the English Revolution by John Walter


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