By Caroline A. Hartzell

ISBN-10: 0271032073

ISBN-13: 9780271032078

ISBN-10: 0271034874

ISBN-13: 9780271034874

The fresh efforts to arrive a payment of the long-lasting and tragic clash in Darfur exhibit how very important it's to appreciate what elements give a contribution so much to the luck of such efforts. during this ebook, Caroline Hartzell and Matthew Hoddie evaluate information from all negotiated civil conflict settlements among 1945 and 1999 in an effort to establish those factors.

What they locate is that settlements usually tend to produce an everlasting peace in the event that they contain building of a range of power-sharing and power-dividing preparations among former adversaries. The most powerful negotiated settlements end up to be these within which former competitors comply with percentage or divide kingdom energy throughout its fiscal, army, political, and territorial dimensions.

This discovering is an important addition to the prevailing literature, which has a tendency to concentration extra at the function that 3rd events play in mediating and imposing agreements. past the quantitative analyses, the authors contain a bankruptcy evaluating contrasting instances of winning and unsuccessful settlements within the Philippines and Angola, respectively.

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Additional resources for Crafting Peace: Power-Sharing Institutions and the Negotiated Settlement of Civil Wars

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Research in this area has extended to conceiving of the bargaining model as covering all phases of war, with each phase considered part of the bargaining process. These phases are aptly described by Dan Reiter: ‘‘Fighting breaks out when two sides cannot reach a bargain that both prefer to war. Each side fights to improve its chances of getting a desirable settlement of the disputed issue. The war ends when the two sides strike a bargain that both prefer to continuing the war, and the outcome is literally the bargain struck.

Party affiliation) principle. Collectivities are guaranteed a degree of representation within governing institutions by virtue of their group affiliation. A failure to achieve or maintain dominant status does not relegate a group to political irrelevance; minorities have a permanent voice within the structures of the state. Of these two sets of rules—majoritarianism and proportionalism—we argue that only proportional systems provide adversaries with sufficient guarantees regarding their access to political power to diminish the appeal of continued warfare or ongoing reliance on self-help mechanisms such as armed militias.

The rejection of and armed challenge to those institutions by some set of actors poses dilemmas for the postwar society. Foremost among these problems is deciding what form the new rules regulating relations between the state and society are to take. Should the (failed) institutions of the past be resurrected? Should untested institutions be adopted? 5 Given the central role institutions play in regulating conflict, the foregoing questions are ones of immediate importance to groups emerging from civil war.

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Crafting Peace: Power-Sharing Institutions and the Negotiated Settlement of Civil Wars by Caroline A. Hartzell

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