By Mark Colvin (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0312292775

ISBN-13: 9780312292775

ISBN-10: 1349426431

ISBN-13: 9781349426430

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The individual under repeated coercive relations begins to lose confidence that he or she can create positive outcomes or reduce the influence of these outside forces. A commitment to the pursuit of conventional activities entails a belief that one has the self-efficacy (confidence) to reach conventional success goals (Bandura 1982, 1977). Being subordinated to coercive relations and forces on a repeated basis destroys self-efficacy and creates a sense of powerlessness. Coercion also creates a highly external locus of control for the person who is the subject of long-term coercive control.

Can criminological theories using concepts similar to differential coercion explain a broader range of criminal and deviant behavior? Tittle’s Control Balance Theory and Regoli and Hewitt’s Differential Oppression Theory Charles R. Tittle (1995) presents a significant new approach for understanding deviance that incorporates concepts similar to differential coercion and accounts for various types of deviant behavior. This ratio may be balanced (or equal to 1), in surplus (greater than 1), or in 30 Crime and Coercion deficit (less than one).

These supports exist at several levels of society, in the immediate interactions within families or among friends and within larger social networks of the community. Social supports are potentially provided during informal relations among families and friends and in formal settings such as schools, workplaces, and government agencies of welfare and criminal justice. Cullen is able to explain differences in crime rates among nations and communities through the levels of social supports these geographic units Emergence of a Differential Coercion Theory of Criminality 25 provide.

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Crime and Coercion: An Integrated Theory of Chronic Criminality by Mark Colvin (auth.)

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