By Alfred Blumstein, Jacqueline Cohen, Jeffrey A. Roth, Christy A. Visher

ISBN-10: 0309036836

ISBN-13: 9780309036832

ISBN-10: 0309568234

ISBN-13: 9780309568234

Quantity II takes an in-depth examine some of the points of felony careers, together with the connection of alcohol and drug abuse to felony careers, co-offending impacts on felony careers, matters within the dimension of legal careers, accuracy of prediction versions, and moral matters within the use of felony occupation details in making judgements approximately offenders.

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Additional info for Criminal Careers and ''Career Criminals,'': Volume II

Sample text

Contrary to what they suggest, higher estimates do not necessarily mean more valid estimates, and if the estimates are not more valid, error is introduced at the high end of the distribution by overreporting. In criminological research, especially research on serious, chronic offenders and on correlations that often depend on the tail end of a distribution, this kind of response bias could be particularly problematic. High-frequency but less valid estimates of criminal involvement could distort correlations, likely amplifying the correlations between crime and other variables.

Seventy-four percent of the males and 79 percent of the females provided past-year frequency reports on all the offenses they admitted to ever committing. In the anonymous interview 92 percent of the males gave all the required frequency estimates, but only 57 percent did so on the anonymous questionnaire. In the nonanonymous interview 94 percent of the females had full response on frequency but only 64 percent did so on the anonymous questionnaire. Both the male and female nonresponse patterns suggest higher nonresponse rates on questionnaires than interviews, particularly the anonymous questionnaire, ironically the favored method of administration in self-report research for the past 30 years.

ISSUES IN THE MEASUREMENT OF CRIMINAL CAREERS 28 Effects of Serious, Chronic Offender Characteristics on Responses Of interest to most researchers are the effects of offender characteristics on each other, for example, drug use on crime. However, another way to examine the effects of respondent characteristics is on the measurement of criminal behavior, specifically on the validity and reliability of the answers of respondents who possess those attributes. Unfortunately, this has not been the focus of any major research effort, but it is apparent that frequent involvement in serious crime over a long period of time, substance abuse, and engaging in violent acts may have deleterious response effects on self-reports of criminal behavior.

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Criminal Careers and ''Career Criminals,'': Volume II by Alfred Blumstein, Jacqueline Cohen, Jeffrey A. Roth, Christy A. Visher

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