By Gordan Crawford, Christof Hartmann

ISBN-10: 904850161X

ISBN-13: 9789048501618

ISBN-10: 9053569340

ISBN-13: 9789053569344

The present momentum for decentralization of presidency in Africa and somewhere else within the constructing global is pushed commonly through the wishes and needs of donor firms. This quantity questions no matter if this type of decentralization deals an important pathway out of poverty and clash in Africa—addressing problems with poverty aid in Uganda, Ghana, Malawi, and Tanzania and problems with clash administration in Mauritius, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda, and Rwanda. Conceptual weaknesses and difficulties of implementation are addressed, in particular the restrictions of donor-driven decentralization, with the intention to illustrate that decentralization is neither the last word solution nor a shortcut to the success of peace and improvement in Africa.

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With regard to intergovernmental transfers, unconditional, conditional and equalisation grants are channelled to district and urban councils who then distribute them downwards. 20 Starting with the Local Government Development Programme funded by the World Bank and implemented by the Ministry of Local Government, development funds have since been devolved to the local level.  Figure 2: Susan Steiner Own local revenue, 1997/98-2002/03 (million Ush) Graduated personal tax 70,000 60,000 Property tax 50,000 40,000 User fees and charges 30,000 20,000 Revenue from departments 10,000 0 Other 1997/98 1998/99 1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 Source: Author’s illustration based on data from Local Government Finance Commission.

2, pp. 163-178. , 2003, ‘Decentralisation in Africa: Goals, Dimensions, Myths and Challenges’, Public Administration and Development, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 7-16. , 2007, ‘Decentralisation and Poverty: Conceptual Framework and Application to Uganda’, Public Administration and Development, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 175-185. S. Model’, Journal of Democracy, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 19-34. , 2008, ‘Decentralization, Democracy and Human Rights: A Human Rights-based Analysis of the Impact of Local Democratic Reforms on Development’, Journal of Human Development (forthcoming) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 1997, Governance for Sustainable Human Development: A UNDP Policy Document, New York: UNDP.

Even where representatives of the poor do sit on councils, there is little evidence that local governments have been more responsive to the poor and marginalized (Crook and Manor, 1998; Crook, 2003; Hickey, 2005). 2. Accountability Closely related with the question of participation and responsiveness is that of the accountability of local governments. Local governments are accountable if they are (held) responsible for their actions. There are two main lines of accountability: civil servants should be accountable to elected representatives; and elected representatives should be accountable to the public.

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Decentralisation in Africa: A Pathway out of Poverty and Conflict? by Gordan Crawford, Christof Hartmann

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